Overall Internal Security Situation Remains Under Control
Series of Measures Taken to Build Capacity
YEAR-END REVIEW MHA – 2010
The year 2010 witnessed several measures taken by the Government to build the capacity of the nation to meet internal security challenges. As a result, India is better prepared today to deal with these challenges than it was two years ago.
The overall internal security situation in the country remained largely under control during 2010. After a cycle of violence since June, the situation in Jammu & Kashmir has considerably improved since September. In the North Eastern States, the overall security situation has substantially improved in 2010 as compared to the situation in the previous year. The Naxal violence continued unabated, but security forces are engaging naxalites in the areas dominated by them with a view to re-establishing the authority of the civilian government. The communal situation throughout the country remained peaceful. The judgment in the Ram Janmabhoomi- Babri Masjid title suits was delivered on September 30, 2010. In anticipation of the judgment, CPMFs were deployed in Uttar Pradesh and other States. The situation remained peaceful following the judgment.
The year saw peaceful completion of Commonwealth Games in New Delhi.
A peaceful 14-month period was rudely interrupted by a bomb blast in Pune on February 13, 2010 that resulted in 17 deaths. In December, there was a blast in Varanasi in which two persons lost their lives.
Some of the key initiatives and achievements of the Ministry of Home Affairs during 2010 are listed below:
Coastal Security Strengthened
Under the ongoing Coastal Security Scheme, 169 interceptor boats were delivered up to November 2010 against a delivery target of 192 boats. Delivery of 204 boats, approved under the Scheme, is likely to be completed by January, 2011
The Coastal Security Scheme phase I will come to an end on March 31, 2011. Coastal Security Scheme phase II, at an estimated cost of Rs.1,580 crore, has been approved and it includes setting up of more police stations, acquiring boats, vehicles and other equipment, and constructing jetties.
Situation in J&K Improves
Jammu & Kashmir witnessed a revival of stone-pelting and attacks on security forces during the year. The Prime Minister convened a meeting of all political parties of Jammu and Kashmir on August 10, 2010. An All Party delegation visited Jammu & Kashmir on September 21-22, 2010. Upon its return, the Union Home Minister submitted a report to the Prime Minister. On September 25, 2010, the CCS considered the report and approved an 8-point plan for J&K. In pursuance of this plan, the Central Government has released Rs.100 crore to the Government of J&K for grants to schools and colleges for improvement and addition to the existing infrastructure. The Centre has also authorized payment of Rs.5 lakh to the families of each of the deceased in the civil disturbances. Orders were issued appointing Dr. Dileep Padgaonkar, Prof. M.M. Ansari and Prof Radha Kumar as interlocutors to hold sustained and uninterrupted dialogue with all sections of the people of J&K. Two Special Task Forces were constituted on October 13, 2010, one each for Jammu and Ladakh, to examine the developmental needs of the regions with particular reference to deficiencies in infrastructure.
A new scheme for assistance towards property damaged during action by CPMFs/Army in J&K was announced on June 3, 2010. The scheme provides for compensation of Rs. 10 lakh with 70% for capital assets and the remaining 30% for movable property.
The annual Amarnathji Yatra concluded on August 24, 2010. Since July 1, 2010 a total of 458,000 pilgrims visited the shrine. Full security was provided to the yatra and no incident of violence was reported.
Situation in North-East Improves
The Regional Coordination Mechanism to facilitate 24x7 sharing and follow-up of information among the North Eastern States has become operational.
Tripartite talks with the Gorkha Janmukti Morcha (GJM) on their demands are continuing.
Several groups such as NDFB (Pro-talk), DHD (Nunisa), DHD(J) and UPDS in Assam and ANVC in Meghalaya are holding talks with the Government of India and the State Government concerned. Shri P C Haldar is the Interlocutor.
Talks with the NSCN (IM) on their demands are continuing with Shri R S Pandey representing the Government of India.
After overcoming many difficulties, repatriation of Bru migrants from Tripura to Mizoram resumed on November 3, 2010.
Naga groups imposed a blockade on NH-39 with effect from April 24, 2010 protesting the holding of elections to the Autonomous District Councils in Manipur. CPMF companies were deployed for security of NH-39 and NH-53. Through patient negotiations with different Naga groups, the blockade of NH-39 was lifted on June 18, 2010.
Steps Taken to Fight Naxal Menace
Naxal violence continued to cause concern. In Dantewada, Chhattisgarh, 75 CPRF and 1 State police personnel were killed by the CPI (Maoist) in an ambush on April 6, 2010.
Unified Commands have been created in the States of Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Orissa and West Bengal.
The honorarium for SPOs has been raised from Rs. 1,500 to Rs. 3,000 per month. The ratio of cost sharing per SPO between the Centre and the States has been fixed at 80:20. 12,000 additional SPOs have been sanctioned to Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Maharashtra and Orissa.
On July 14, 2010, the Prime Minister chaired a meeting the Governors/Chief Ministers of 7 LWE-affected States in New Delhi.
On the development front, Government has approved an ambitious integrated action plan for sixty districts, affected by Left Wing Extremism. It is proposed to make a block grant of 25 crore to each district for the remaining four months of 2010-11 and 30 crore to each district for 2011-12.
Census and NPR
The work on Census 2011 began on April 1, 2010. By the end of November, 2010, data collection for House listing & Housing Census and for the National Population Register (NPR) was completed in all States/UTs except in a few villages of Chhattisgarh and West Bengal. Data collection and printing of Local Register of Usual Residents for creation of NPR in the coastal villages has been completed in all project States/UTs, namely, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, Kerala, Goa, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, West Bengal and Maharashtra.
Training capacity is being expanded significantly. Intelligence Bureau is setting up 4 more Regional Training Centres.
Steps Initiated in Other Areas
The Union Home Minister visited the UK during March 20-23, 2010. The purpose was to visit key establishments in the intelligence community of that country.
Overall Internal Security Situation Remains Under Control